Factors Influencing the Implementation of Tourism Culture: A Case Study

Marhanani Tri Astuti (1) , Diyan Putranto (2) , Iskandar Agung (3) , Abdul Kadir Ahmad (4) , Lisa'diyah Ma'rifataini (5)
(1) Researcher of Center Research for Industrial, Service & Trade Economic Research, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia , Indonesia
(2) Lecturer of Sahid Tourism Polytechnic, Jakarta, Indonesia , Indonesia
(3) Researcher of Center Research of Education, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia , Indonesia
(4) Researcher of Center Research of Education, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia , Indonesia
(5) Researcher of Center Research of Education, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia , Indonesia

Abstract

This paper aims to find out the problems of implementing a Tourism Village by analyzing the factors that influence it. The research was conducted at the tourist attraction of Mount Limestone Hot Springs in Ciseeng District, Bogor Regency, West Java Province, which has been around for a long time but has not been able to attract tourists. The research sample consisted of 140 members of the community living around the tourism object, taken randomly. Data collection was carried out by distributing questionnaires and analyzed using the Structural Equation Model (SEM) program. The results of the study show that the implementation of tourism villages is positively influenced by factors such as tourism potential, the role of the government, the availability of infrastructure, the involvement of private industry, and community involvement. It is suggested that all factors with the strongest indicators contained therein need to be considered for the development of this tourism object. It is also necessary to develop a tourism area around this area, which is adjacent to it, in a holistically integrated manner because it has the potential for attraction to support successful tourism development.

Full text article

Generated from XML file

References

Abdo, K. (2021). The Impact of Rural Tourism on the Development of Regional Communities. Journal of Eastern Europe Research in Business & Economics, 2021(2021), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.5171/2021.652463

Agus, I., & Sari, I. P. (2021). Tourism Sector GRDP on Labor Absorption in Central Java Province: Cobb Douglas Analysis. Socio e-Cons, 13 (03), 222-229. http://dx.doi.org/10.30998/sosioekons.v13i3.10925

Almeida, A., & Machado, L. P. (2021). Rural Development and Rural Tourism: The Impact of Infrastructure Investments. In book: Peripheral Territories, Tourism, and Regional Development, 1-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.5772/intechopen.95610

Arbolino, R., Boffardi, R., De Simone, L., & Ioppolo, G. (2021). Multi-objective optimization technique: A novel approach in tourism sustainability planning. Journal of Environmental Management, 285, 1 May 2021, 112016. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2021.112016.

Bayu, U. R., Djinar, S. N., Suyana,U. I. M., & Urmila, D. M. H. (2021). The role of government and private sector in developing ecotourism. Biotika, 1(38), 11-21.

Buana, D, W, W., & Sunarta, I. N. (2015). The role of the informal sector in maintaining a clean environment in sanur beach tourism attraction. Journal of Tourism Destinations 3(1), 35-44. http://doi.org/10.24843/JDEPAR.2015.v03.i01.p05

Cahyana, S. R., & Nugroho, S. (2019). Analysis of Stakeholder Roles in Carangsari Tourism Village, Petang District, Badung Regency. Journal of Tourism Destinations, 7(2), 390-397. https://doi.org/10.24843/JDEPAR.2019.v07.i02.p25

Cahyo, E. D., & Nuryanti, W. (2018). The Role of the Government and Private Sectors in the Development of Tourist Destinations in Morotai Island Regency. Gadjahmada Journal of Tourism Studies, 1(2), 64-78. https://doi.org/10.22146/gamajts.v1i2.49293

Campón-Cerro, A. M., Hernández-Mogollón, J. M., & Alves, H. (2017). Sustainable improvement of competitiveness in rural tourism destinations: The quest for tourist loyalty in Spain. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, 6(3), 252-266. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdmm.2016.04.005

Cheng, C., Zhang, Y., Luo, S., Yang, W., Guo, Y., Yu, H., & Kang, J. (2022). Study on The Marketing of Rural Tourism Destination Based on the Internet Perspective. MATEC Web of Conferences, 355(20), 02066. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/202235502066

Chotib, M. (2015). Religious Tourism in Jember Regency. Journal of Phenomena, 14(02), 412-413.

Chili, N. S., & Xulu, N. (2015). The role of local government to facilitate and spearhead sustainable tourism development. Problems and Perspectives in Management Journal, 13(4), 27-31.

Clara, E., Herlinawati, Prakoso, B. H., Sofyatiningrumm E., Agung, I., & Parwanto. (2022). Family Resource Management Problems in Elementary School Education: A Case Study of Precarious Work Parents. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 22(3), 48–59. https://doi.org/10.36923/jicc.v22i3.44

Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs. (2021). Tourism Development Through Tourism Village Development to Increase Economic Growth. https://www.ekon.go.id/publikasi/detail/3520/pembangun-kepariwisataan-through-pengembangan-desa-wisata-to-meningkatkan-percepatan-economy (Accessed 04 May 2023).

Ćurčić, N., Svitlica, A. M., Brankov, J., Bjeljac, Ž., Pavlović, S., & Jandžiković, B. (2021). The Role of Rural Tourism in Strengthening the Sustainability of Rural Areas: The Case of Zlakusa Village. MFPI Journal, 13(12), 6747. https://doi.org/10.3390/su13126747

Dembovska, I., Silicka, I., & Lubkina, V. (2016). Educational Tourism in the Training of Future Tourism Professionals. SOCIETY INTEGRATION EDUCATION Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference, 4, 245-255. https://doi.org/10.17770/sie2016vol4.1561

Dimitrovskia, D. D.,Todorovic, A.T., & Valjarevic, A. D. (2012). Rural tourism and regional development: Case study of the development of rural tourism in the region of Gruza, Serbia. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 14 (2), 288 – 297. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2012.03.028

Dino Leonandri, d., & Rosmadi, M, L, N. (2018). The Role of Tourism Village to Increase Local Community Income. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal), 1(4), 188-193. https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v1i4.113

Dwiningwarni, S. S., Mardiana, F., & Wahyuningdyah, E. (2021). Tourism Village and Impact on Labor Absorption in Jombang Regency. Advances in Economics, sBusiness and Management Research: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Business and Management of Technology, 175, 208-216. https://doi.org/10.2991/aebmr.k.210510.035

Dowd, Z., Franz, A. Y., & Wasek, J. S. (2018). A decision-making framework for maintenance and modernization of transportation infrastructure. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 67(1), 42-53. https://doi.org/10.1109/TEM.2018.2870326

Dragouni, M., Fouseki, K., & Georgantzis, N. (2018). Community participation in heritage tourism planning: is it too much to ask?. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 26(5), 759-781. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669582.2017.1404606

Egbali, N., Nosrat, A. B., & Ali pour, S.K.S. (2011). Effects of positive and negative rural tourism (case study: Rural Semnan Province). Journal of Geography and Regional Planning, 4(2), 63-76.

Eticon. (2021). Getting to Know Culture-Based Tourism (Cultural Tourism). https://eticon.co.id/pariwisata-berbasis-budaya/ (Accessed 04 May 2023).

Fanani, Z., & Pangestuti, E. (2017). Analysis of Security and Comfort at Penanjakan 1 Bromo Tourist Object. Journal of Business Administration, 49(2), 63-67.

Firdaus, Hardjosoekarto, S., & Lawang, R. M. Z. (2021). The Role of Local Government on Rural Tourism Development: Case Study of Desa Wisata Pujonkidul, Indonesia. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning, 16(7), 1299-1307. https://doi.org/10.18280/ijsdp.160710

Fitari, Y., & Ma'rif, S. (2017). The Benefits of the Wonolopo Tourism Village Development on the Social, Economic and Environmental Conditions of Local Communities. Regional and Environmental Journal, 5(1), 29-44. https://doi.org/10.14710/jwl.5.1.29-44

Gallagher, K. (2021). What Is Ecotourism? Definition, Examples, and Pros and Cons. https://www.treehugger.com/what-is-ecotourism-definition-examples-5181259 (Accessed 02 May 2023).

Grace Amin, G., Rahmiati, F., Ismail, Y., Simatupang, T., & Larso, D. (2022). COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN TOURISM DEVELOPMENT. The 4th International Conference on Family Business and Entrepreneurship. 479-485. http://e-journal.president.ac.id/presunivojs/index.php/ICFBE/article/view/1398 (Accessed 03 May 2023).

Haryono, S., & Wardoyo, P (2018). Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) for Management Research with AMOS 18.00. Jakarta: Luxima Metro Media.

Hatipoglu, E., Müftüler-Baç, M., & Murphy, T. (2014). Simulation Games in Teaching International Relations: Insights from a Multi-Day, Multi-Stage, Multi-Issue Simulation on Cyprus. International Studies Perspectives, 15(4), 394- 406, https://doi.org/10.1111/insp.12006

Heidari, A., Yazdani, H. R., Saghafi, F., & Lalilvand, M. R. (2018). The perspective of religious and spiritual tourism research: a systematic mapping study. Journal of Islamic Marketing, 9(1), 1-53. https://doi.org/10.1108/JIMA-02-2017-0015

Ignatov, E., & Smith, S. (2006). Segmenting Canadian Culinary Tourists. Current Issues in Tourism, 9(3), 235-255. https://doi.org/10.2167/cit/229.0

Ismayilov, V., Samadova, A., & Mirzayev, S. (2020).The role of rural tourism in the development of the rural economy. The Journal of Economic Sciences: Theory and Practice, 77(1), 51-64.

Jena, R. K., & Dwivedi, Y. (2021). Prioritizing the barriers to tourism growth in rural India: an integrated multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) approach. Journal of Tourism Futures, 1-24. https://doi.org/10.1108/JTF-10-2020-0171

Jumriani, Muhaimin, M., Abbas, E. W., Mutiani, & Rusmaniah. (2022). Effort Management Tourism Objective Through the Existence of Social Groups in the Community: 407-414. Indonesian Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship, 8(3), 407-414. http://dx.doi.org/10.17358/IJBE.8.3.407

Junaid, I. (2020). The Role of the Community in Creating a Tourism Village: Study in Fishermen's Village, Tanjung Binga, Belitung Regency. Journal of Tourism: Destinations, Hospitality and Travel, 4(2), 60-71. https://doi.org/10.34013/jk.v4i2.47

Khalik, W. (2014). Comfort and Security Assessment Tourists in Tourism Area Kuta Lombok. Jumpa, 1(1), 23-42. https://doi.org/10.24843/JUMPA.2014.v01.i01.p02

Kurniawan, M. A., Tisnawati, E., & Yuliza, E. (2012). Status and Role of Malioboro Mall as a Shopping Tourism Object in the Malioboro Area. Yogyakarta. Inersia, 14(1), 75-89. https://doi.org/10.21831/inersia.v14i1.19496

Law of the Republic of Indonesia No. 23/2004

Lòpez-Sanz, J. M., Leguía, A. P., Rodríguez, P. G., & Valiño, P. C. (2021). Rural Tourism and the Sustainable Development Goals. A Study of the Variables That Most Influence the Behavior of the Tourist. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 722973. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.722973

Liu, C., Dou, X., Li, H., & Cai, L. (2022). Analyzing government role in rural tourism development: An empirical investigation from China. Journal of Rural Studies, 79, 177-188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2020.08.046

Marlina, N. (2019). The independence of the tourism village community in the perspective of community-based tourism: Case study of Ketengger Village, Banyumas Regency. JIIP: Scientific Journal of Governance, 4(1), 17-26. https://doi.org/10.14710/jiip.v4i1.4735

Mihailovic, B., Moric, I. (2012). The Role of Marketing Philosophy on Rural Tourism. Tourism and Hospitality Management, Opatija, 18(2), 267-279. https://doi.org/10.20867/thm.18.2.7

Monariyanti, N. (2015). Performance Arts as a Cultural Tourism Attraction in Karimun District, Karimun Regency Riau Archipelago Province. Jom Fisip, 2(1), 1-14.

Mtapuri, O., & Giampiccoli, A. (2019). Tourism, community-based tourism and ecotourism: a definitional problematic. South African Geographical Journal= Suid-Afrikaanse Geografiese Tydskrif, 101(1), 22-35. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03736245.2018.1522598

Muro-Rodríguez, A, I., Pérez-Jiménez, I, R., Sánchez-Araque., J. A. (2020). Tourism for the Retail Trade as a Strategy for the Local Development of Cities. Front. Psychol., 11, 67. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.0006

N. F. Velnisa, P., Modilih, S., S. H. Mogindol. S. H., Johnny, C., & Thamburaj, J. A. (2014). Community Participation and Barriers in Rural Tourism: A Case Study in Kiulu, Sabah. In SHS Web of Conferences, 12(2), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1051/shsconf/20141201003

Naderi, I. (2013). Beyond the fad: A critical review of consumer fashion involvement. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 37(1), 84-104. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1470-6431.2011.01041.x

Nicely, A., & Sydnor, S. (2015). Rural tourism development: Tackling a culture of local nonparticipation in a postslavery society. Journal of Travel Research, 54(6), 717–729. https://doi.org/10.1177/0047287514535846

Niken., & Arida, I. N. S. (2021). Regional Problems in the Development of Kerta Tourism Village. Journal of Tourism Destinations, 9(1), 128-136.

Nugroho, A. Y, Rahman, A. Z., & Kismartini (2022). The Role of Stakeholders in Tourism Village Development Nongkosawit, Semarang City. Journal of Public Policy and Management Review, 11(2), 315-335.

Nurlena., Taufiq, R., & Musadad. (2021). The Socio-Cultural Impacts of Rural Tourism Development: A Case Study of Tanjung Tourist Village in Sleman Regency. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 11(1), 62-74. https://doi.org/10.22146/kawistara.62263

Oskaria, D. (2019). Private Involvement in the Tourism Sector. https://news.detik.com/kolom/d-4676266/keterlibatan-swasta-di-sector-pariwisata. (Accessed 06 May 2023).

Paristha, N. P. T., Arida, I. N. S., & Bhaskara, G. I. (2022). Stakeholder Role in Development Kerta Tourism Village, Payangan Sub-district Gianyar District. Jumpa, 8(2), 625-648. https://doi.org/10.24843/JUMPA.2022.v08.i02.p13

Purnama, Siahaan, S., & Widiastuti, T. (2018). The Potential of Natural Tourist Attraction At Manah River Cascade In Sungai Muntik Village Of Kapuas Sub District, Sanggau Regency. Journal of Lestari Forest, 6(1), 191 - 197. https://doi.org/10.23960/jsl.v6i1

Purwaningsih, N. P. E., & Mahagangga, G. A. O. (2018). Obstacles of Munggu Village as a Tourism Village in Badung Regency. Journal of Tourism Destinations, 5(2), 187-194.

Putri, R. D., Ardiansyah, & Arief. A. (2019). Identification of the Potential Development of Lake Picung Natural Tourism Objects from the Aspect of Tourism Products in Muara Aman, Rejang Lebong Regency, Bengkulu Province. NALARs Journal of Architecture, 18(2), 93-98. https://doi.org/10.24853/nalars.18.2.93-98

Ramli, M., Basri, H., Junaidi, M. A., Rahadi, I., & Pauzi, M. H. (2022). Rural tourism: Activities and challenges. Fair Value: Scientific Journal of Accounting and Finance, 4(17), 2774-2780. https://doi.org/10.32670/fairvalue.v4i7.1251

Richards, G. (2003). What is Cultural Tourism? Project: Cultural Tourism. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/324031354_What_is_Cultural_Tourism (Accessed 04 May 2023)

Sariwulan, T., Suyono Thamrin, S., Suyatni, M., Agung. I., Widiputera, F., Susanto, A. B., & Capnary, M. C. (2021). Impact of Employee Talent Management. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 10(5), 184-200. https://doi.org/10.36941/ajis-2021-0133

Soewarlan, S. (2018). Re-creating rural performing arts for tourism in Indonesia. Journal of Tourism and Cultural Change, 17:5, 577-593. https://doi.org/10.1080/14766825.2018.1541993

Singgalen, Y, A,m Sasongko, G., & Wiloso, P. (2019). Community participation in regional tourism development: a case study in North Halmahera Regency - Indonesia. Insights into Regional Development, 1(4), 318-333. https://doi.org/10.9770/ird.2019.1.4(3)

Spatari, S., & Aktan, A. E. (2013). Asset management in civil engineering. Structure and Infrastructure Engineering, 9(4), 295-296. https://doi.org/10.1080/15732479.2012.654945

Strada, J. (2020). Public Service Management Djunjungan Tourism Objectin Serving the Needs of Visitors in the Village Sukabanjar District Gedong Tataan Pesawar District. Thesis. Lampung: State Islamic University Raden Intan Lampung. http://repository.radenintan.ac.id/12871/1/SKRIPSI%202.pdf (Accessed 04 May 2023).

Sugiama, A. G., Oktavia, H. C., & Karlina, M. (2022). The Effect of Tourism Infrastructure Asset Quality on Tourist Satisfaction: A Case on Forest Tourism in Tasikmalaya Regency. International Journal of Applied Sciences in Tourism and Events, 6(1), 65–71. https://doi.org/10.31940/ijaste.v6i1.65-71

Sugiyono. (2018). Quantitative Research Methods. Bandung: Alphabet

Suharto. (2016). Study on Visitors' Security and Safety in Relation to Destination Image (Case Study Gembira Loka Zoo). Journal of Media Wisata, 14(1), 287-304. https://doi.org/10.36276/mws.v14i1.231

Sung, H., & Phillips, R. (2016). Conceptualizing a community well-being and theory construct. Social factors and community well-being, 1-12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-29942-6_1

Susilo, A. (2012). Analysis of Participant Satisfaction Services in the State Highways Animal Sights Mangkang. Thesis. Semarang: Universitas Diponegoro. https://ejournal3.undip.ac.id/index.php/jppmr/article/download/1607/1603 (Accessed 03 May 2023).

Toker, A., & Emir, O. (2023). Safety and security research in tourism: A bibliometric mapping. European Journal of Tourism Research, 34, 3402. https://doi.org/10.54055/ejtr.v34i.2871

Wenke Wang, Linyun Feng, Tao Zheng, Yang Liu. (2021).The sustainability of ecotourism stakeholders in ecologically fragile areas: Implications for cleaner production. Journal of Cleaner Production, 279, 123606. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2020.123606

Wijijayanti, T., Agustina, Y., Winarno, A., Istanti, L. N., & Dharma, B, A. (2020). Rural Tourism: A Local Economic Development. Australasian Accounting, Business and Finance Journal, 14(1), 2020, 5-13. https://doi.org/10.14453/aabfj.v14i1.2

Wondirad, D,m & Ewnetu, B. (2019). Community participation in tourism development as a tool to foster sustainable land and resource use practices in a national park milieu. Land Use Polic, 88, 104155. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2019.104155

Yoeti, O. A. (2013). Integrated Tourism Marketing. Bandung: Angkasa Publisher.

Yohana, C., Dania, R. F. R., & Prihandono, D. (2021). Study of the Influence of Education and Literation of Entrepreneurship in Vocational High Schools: Indonesian Case. Academic Journal of Interdiciplanary Studies, 10(1), 34. https://doi.org/10.36941/ajis-2021-0004

Yulianto. (2015). Art Creation as a Cultural Tourism Attraction at Padepokan Bagong Kussudiardja Yogyakarta. Journal of Tourism Media, 13(1), 252-266. https://doi.org/10.36276/mws.v13i1.219

Authors

Marhanani Tri Astuti
Diyan Putranto
Iskandar Agung
safrusal.1958@gmail.com (Primary Contact)
Abdul Kadir Ahmad
Lisa'diyah Ma'rifataini
Author Biographies

Marhanani Tri Astuti, Researcher of Center Research for Industrial, Service & Trade Economic Research, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia

Marhanani Tri Astuti is a principal researcher at the Researcher of Center Research for Industrial, Service & Trade Economic Research, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia. Has a doctoral educational background in the field of communication science. Several articles were published in the form of books and scientific journals, both national and international. Actively conducting research in the field of tourism development. Initially working as a researcher at the Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy of the Republic of Indonesia, then since 2022, he has joined the National Research and Innovation Agency

 

Diyan Putranto, Lecturer of Sahid Tourism Polytechnic, Jakarta, Indonesia

Diyan Putranto is a Lecturer at Sahid Tourism Polytechnic, Jakarta, Indonesia. Has a doctoral educational background in the scientific field of business administration. Several articles have been published in the form of books and scientific journals, both national and international. Actively conducting research in the field of tourism development and tourism marketing.

 

Iskandar Agung, Researcher of Center Research of Education, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia

Iskandar Agung is a research professor at the Research Center for Education, Research Organization for Social and Humanities, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia. Has a doctoral educational background in the scientific field of Education Management. Several articles were published in the form of books and scientific journals, both national and international. Actively conducting research in the fields of education, social and tourism. Initially working as a researcher at the Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia, then since 2022, he has joined the National Research and Innovation Agency

 

 

Abdul Kadir Ahmad, Researcher of Center Research of Education, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia

Abdul Kadir Ahmad was the first Expert Researcher in the Research Center for Education, Research Organization for Social and Humanities, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia. His current research interests include education management and religious education. Doctoral candidate in education at the University of Ibn Khaldun Bogor. Initially working at the Ministry of Religion of the Republic of Education Management, then since 2022, he has switched to the National Research and Innovation Agency

 

Lisa'diyah Ma'rifataini, Researcher of Center Research of Education, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia

Lisa’diyah Ma’rifataini works as a Main Expert Researcher at the Research Center for Education, Research Organization for Social and Humanities, National Research and Innovation Agency, Indonesia. Her current research area of interest includes education management and religious education. Completed his master's degree, majoring in Educational Research and Evaluation at UHAMKA in 2010. Previously, he was an employee at the Ministry of Religion from 1993 to 2021 as a researcher at the Research and Development Center, Ministry of Religion of the Republic of Indonesia, then switched to the National Research and Innovation Agency in 2022.

Astuti, M. T., Putranto, D., Agung, I., Ahmad, A. K., & Ma’rifataini, L. (2023). Factors Influencing the Implementation of Tourism Culture: A Case Study. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 23(4), 106–119. https://doi.org/10.36923/jicc.v23i3.164

Article Details

Smart Citations via scite_

Most read articles by the same author(s)