International Student Mobility and Transformative Intercultural Learning in Estonia and Denmark

Muhammed Abdulai, Triin Roosalu


Attracting the best students into universities is a policy agenda driven by the state and universities in Estonia and Denmark. While the policies on internationalization of higher education (IoHE) in Estonia and Denmark are well crafted, the value that international graduates add to the learning environment and culture are hardly explored. Adopting a phenomenological approach, this study aims to describe transformative intercultural learning within the mechanisms of IoHE in Estonia and Denmark. Our analysis of participants experiences reveals that international graduates from Africa bring diversity into the learning environment, which promotes teaching, learning and tolerance of other cultures. In view of this, the study recommends that actors in the IoHE in Estonia and Denmark should be willing to jettison any ethnocentric cultural mentality and adopt a relativistic mentality to promote intercultural coexistence and learning.

    higher education, transformative intercultural learning, student mobility

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Muhammed Abdulai
Triin Roosalu (Primary Contact)
Author Biographies

Muhammed Abdulai, School of Governance, Law and Society, Narva Mnt 25, 10120, Tallinn, Estonia

Muhammed Abdulai is a PhD candidate in the School of Governance, Law and Society at Tallinn University in Estonia. He is a researcher and lecturer in the Department of Communication, Innovation and Technology in Tamale of the University for Development Studies in Tamale, Northern Region, Ghana.

Triin Roosalu, School of Governance, Law and Society, Narva Mnt 25, 10120, Tallinn, Estonia

Triin Roosalu is associate professor candidate in the School of Governance, Law and Society at Tallinn University in Estonia.

Abdulai, M., & Roosalu, T. (2022). International Student Mobility and Transformative Intercultural Learning in Estonia and Denmark. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 22(1), 17–29.

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