Resilience in a Cross-Cultural Perspective: How resilience is generated in different cultures

Arve Gunnestad (1)
(1) Queen Maud’s College, Trondheim, Norway , Norway

Abstract

In this study I will explore how resilience is related to culture. Do different cultures generate resilience in different ways? As a background I present a model of resilience developed from a review of a number of studies as well as my own research. This model shows how the various protective factors can be divided into three main groups, and how different combinations of these factors develop resilience through some basic psychological processes. Based on a dynamic definition of culture, the article presents examples of three different cultures and how they generate resilience.
The article then briefly discusses four issues in relation to resilience and culture:
1. Protective factors – universal or contextual,
2. Different ways of creating resilience,
3. Resilience and vulnerability from culture,
4. Minority and majority cultures, biculturalism and resilience.
In the discussion the article make comparisons between Southern African culture and Norwegian culture. Lastly, the article highlights some possible educational implications of the study.

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Authors

Arve Gunnestad
(Primary Contact)
Author Biography

Arve Gunnestad, Queen Maud’s College, Trondheim, Norway

Born 21.01.51, married with 4 children.
Assoc. Prof. at Queen Maud’s College of Early Childhood Education in Trondheim since 1994.
Director of Network for Preschool Teacher Training and Preschool Development in Southern Africa.
Involved as a consultant to preschool teacher trainings in more countries in Southern Africa for 10 years, and lived and worked in Africa for 3 more years.

Author of books/reports:
Gunnestad, Arve (2005 ed.): Early Education for All. Report from Network Conference. Trondheim: Queen Maud’s College.
Gunnestad, Arve (2003). Didaktikk for førskolelærere , Oslo: Universitetsforlaget
Arve Gunnestad (2003 ed.): Children’s rights in Early Childhood Education in Africa and Norway. Report. Trondheim: Queen Maud’s College.
Gunnestad, Arve (2002 ed). Førskolepedagogikk og barnehageutvikling i det sørlige Afrika. Trondheim: Queen Maud’s College.
Arve Gunnestad (1994). Spesialpedagogisk læreplanarbeid. Oslo: Universitetsforlaget

Gunnestad, A. (2006). Resilience in a Cross-Cultural Perspective: How resilience is generated in different cultures. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 6(1), 1–21. https://doi.org/10.36923/jicc.v6i1.416

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