A Reflection on Identities, Culture Models and Power

Miquel Rodrigo-Alsina (1), Pilar Medina-Bravo (2)
(1) Communication Department (University of Pompeu Fabra, Spain,
(2) Communication Department (University of Pompeu Fabra, Spain

Abstract

We reflect on interrelationship patterns between cultures and identities, first focusing on what we mean by culture and then analysing four cultural models — monocultural, multicultural, intercultural and transcultural and their impact on identity construction. Pointing to the dangers of the monocultural model that promotes essentialist and homogenizing identity classifications, we discuss the specific weight of national identity in the multicultural paradigm. We also describe the fundamental characteristics of the intercultural perspective and the view of identities understood as a result of cultural hybridization. We conclude by considering a proposal for a transcultural perspective.

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Authors

Miquel Rodrigo-Alsina
miquel.rodrigo@upf.edu (Primary Contact)
Pilar Medina-Bravo
Author Biographies

Miquel Rodrigo-Alsina, Communication Department (University of Pompeu Fabra

Miquel Rodrigo-Alsina, Ph. D.: Full Professor of Communication Theories at the Pompeu Fabra University (Barcelona). He was researcher at the Research Center for Language and Semiotic Studies (Indiana University), at the Center for the Study of Communication and Culture (Saint Louis University) and at the Centre d’Études sur l’Actuel et le Quotidien (Université René Descartes, Paris V). He is the coordinator of the research group UNICA. He had published more than hundred papers and eleven books. Some of these books are: La construcción de la noticia (Paidós, 2005) and La comunicación intercultural (Anthropos, 1999).

Pilar Medina-Bravo, Communication Department (University of Pompeu Fabra

Pilar Medina-Bravo, Ph.D.: Professor of Intercultural Communication at the Pompeu Fabra University (Barcelona). She is a member of the research group ‘Communication, Advertising and Society’ (CAS). Her research interests include gender, identity and the media and she has published widely on gender issues and on intercultural communication and identity.

Rodrigo-Alsina, M., & Medina-Bravo, P. (2016). A Reflection on Identities, Culture Models and Power. Journal of Intercultural Communication, 16(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.36923/jicc.v16i1.712

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