Journal of Intercultural Communication <p><strong><em>Summary of the Journal </em></strong><img src="" width="114" height="57" /></p> <p>Journal of Intercultural Communication (JICC) (ISSN 1404-1634) is an international, peer review, and open-access journal. The goal of the journal is to encourage scholars to publish their experimental and theoretical research and promote research but also Communication, Cultural Studies, Strategy and Management, Education, Linguistics and Language, Gender Studies, and Public Administration in the area of intercultural communication. The journal is an outgrowth of the activities of NIC – the Nordic Network for Intercultural Communication. The great interest shown in the activities of NIC has pointed to a need for more journals employing a peer review procedure within the area of intercultural communication. We hope that by starting this journal, we will be able to encourage more research, facilitate contact between interested researchers, and provide better opportunities for peer-reviewed publication.</p> <ul> <li><a href="#"><strong>Open Access</strong></a>— This means free for readers, with article processing charges (APC) paid by authors or their institutions.</li> <li><strong>Publisher</strong>: <a class="menu" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">I</a><a class="menu" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">mmigrant Institute </a> &amp; ICR Publications LTD UK</li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>Indexed in: </strong> <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Scopus</a>, <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"></a>, <a href="">EBSCO Education Source</a>, <a href="">JGATE</a>, <a href="">IBZ Online, </a><a href="">International Bibliography of Social Sciences</a>, <a href="">Linguistic Bibliography</a></li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong style="font-family: 'Noto Sans', 'Noto Kufi Arabic', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif;">Metrics</strong><span style="font-family: 'Noto Sans', 'Noto Kufi Arabic', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif;">: </span><a style="background-color: #ffffff; font-family: 'Noto Sans', 'Noto Kufi Arabic', -apple-system, BlinkMacSystemFont, 'Segoe UI', Roboto, Oxygen-Sans, Ubuntu, Cantarell, 'Helvetica Neue', sans-serif;" href=";tip=sid&amp;clean=0" target="_blank" rel="noopener">SJR. Q2</a></li> </ul> <ul> <li> <div id="div_Revista_10" class="gtb_div_row gtb_par"> <div id="lbl_EVALUADA_EN" class="gtb_div_label"><strong>Evaluated in:</strong> <a href="">CARHUS Plus+ 2018, </a><a href="">ERIHPlus</a></div> </div> </li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>Rapid Publication:</strong> JICC published 4 issues in a year (March, July, September, and November). Initial validation and desk review decision within 21 days of submission; acceptance to publication occurs within 90 days.</li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>Acceptance rate (</strong>2022-12-29 — 2023-03-29<strong>):</strong> 15%</li> </ul> <ul> <li><strong>Token of appreciation:</strong> For their efforts, reviewers who provide timely peer-review reports will receive a discount on the APC of their next publication in JICC. Reviewers are strongly encouraged to endorse the journal at <a href="">publons.</a></li> </ul> <p> </p> <p><label><strong> Key:</strong></label> <img src="" width="23" height="20" /> Open access content <img src="" width="23" height="19" /> Subscribed content <img src="" width="18" /> Free content <img src="" width="18" /> Trial content</p> <p><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">About this journal</a> I <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Editorial Board</a> I <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Key content</a> I <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Call for papers</a> I <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Imprint Information</a> I<a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"> Journal Indexing</a> </p> en-US <p><strong>Copyright / Open Access Policy: </strong>This journal provides immediate free open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of ideas and is distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). But the copyright was retained by the authors. Articles are free for personal use but are protected by copyright in the sense that they may not be used for purposes other than personal use without permission.</p> <p> </p> (Managing Editor) (Chen Yen) Sun, 10 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 60 Promotive Voice, Leader-member Exchange, and Creativity Endorsement: The Role of Supervisor-Attributed Motives <p>Employee voice is perceived as an approach with both significant advantages and disadvantages. The current study aims to analyse the behaviours of supervisors when endorsing the ideas of employees who raise promotive voices and consider the employees positively for the development of quality relationships. Specifically, 970 employees were recruited from various small and medium enterprises (SMEs), including manufacturing and electronics companies, in Pakistan for the current study participation. Data collection was conducted in two stages through two sources (supervisors and subordinates) before examining the collected data on the Mplus software for random coefficient regression analyses. Subordinates’ promotive voice was significantly and positively correlated to the Leader-Member-Exchange (LMX) quality and creative idea endorsement when supervisors interpreted the voice as driven more by performance enhancement motives instead of impression management motives. The findings suggested that performance enhancement motives and impression management motives would produce contrasting material consequences for subordinates. The present study limitations and future research directions were also discussed.</p> Israr Ahmad, Ramayah Thurasamy, Ahmad Adeel, Bushra Alam Copyright (c) 2023 Israr Ahmad, Ramayah Thurasamy, Ahmad Adeel, Bushra Alam Sun, 10 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Implementation of Cultural Values of Traditional Houses in Learning <p>This study aims to the identification of cultural values contained in the Mbaru Niang traditional house as a guide in the life of the Wae Rebo community, which can be applied to learning. The methods of this research are qualitative, using an ethnographic approach, which can be applied in learning so that an in-depth description and analysis of cultural values is obtained. Data collection by interview guidelines, observation, and documentation of two research subjects who are direct descendants of the owner of Mbaru Niang with the ethnographic procedures. The Data analysis uses ethnographic techniques as an attempt to thoroughly characterize the characteristics of cultural values that influence people's social behavior and adopt to learning. The findings of this study indicate that there are cultural values can be applied in learning to support the strengthening of the Pancasila student profile as launched by the government. The results of the study can be understood that in the culture of Mbaru Niang, are cultural values that can be transferred into learning, namely cultural values, including religious, mutual cooperation, nationalist, independence, and integrity.</p> Malkisedek Taneo, Aleksius Madu Copyright (c) 2023 Malkisedek Taneo, Aleksius Madu Sun, 10 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Environmental Impact on Relapse and Motivation Recovery Among Drug Addicts <p>Drug abuse has been proven to be a mental disorder because of the heavy intake of substances usage controlled by the environment. Environmental factors play a significant role in drug addiction and recovery. However, there is a knowledge gap regarding environmental factors contributing to relapse and hinder motivation for recovery among drug addicts in Malaysia. Therefore, the objective of this research is to find out the impact of the environment on drug relapse and motivation recovery in former addicts. For this purpose, a cross-sectional research design was utilized whereby a self-administered questionnaire was randomly distributed among 50 Malaysian drug addicts. Data were analysed through IBM SPSS software version 25.0, and the partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) approach supported by Smart-PLS 3.3 to analyse the research model. The findings of the study indicated that the environment significantly impacts motivation recovery and relapse. Furthermore, the positive environment influences motivation for recovery in former addicts and pushes the addicts to relapse after rehabilitation. The study will provide insights into the environmental factors that contribute to drug addiction and relapse in Malaysia.</p> Asbah Razali, Norhidayah Pauzi, Ravindaran A/L Maraya, Rosya Izyanie Shamshudeen, Nur Azah Razali, Muhammad Luqman Copyright (c) 2023 Asbah Razali, Norhidayah Pauzi, Ravindaran A/L Maraya, Rosya Izyanie Shamshudeen, Nur Azah Razali, Muhammad Luqman Sun, 10 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Chinese Intercultural Competence Scale and the External Factors of Spanish as a Foreign Language <p>The current study aimed to assess the intercultural competence (IC) of Chinese students of Spanish as a foreign language (SFL) using Chen's (2019) Chinese Intercultural Competence Scale (CICS), as well as to investigate which external factors influence the acquisition of IC in the field of SFL. The quantitative data from the study show that the participants' IC level was neither high nor low. Their level of IC was affected by age, study abroad experience, frequency of using Spanish, and positive intercultural experiences, but not by gender, college year, or number of foreign languages spoken. The findings have implications for intercultural educators and teachers of foreign languages.</p> Tzu Yiu Chen Copyright (c) 2023 TZU YIU CHEN Sun, 10 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Elements of Spiritual Leadership and its Relations to Leadership Communication in Imran Khan’s Speeches at International Forums <p>The study employs Western spiritual leadership theories yet is supposed to be from an Asian-Pakistani perspective. Associating Imran Khan’s (IK) political communication with these spiritual leadership theories would transform them into the eastern-cum-Asian context. IK and other world leaders may communicate distinctively in public interaction. Because political/religious leaders in Pakistan frequently utilise religious references in their communication to persuade their supporters, mediating or moderating political communication or leadership communication accordingly. Thus, spiritual leadership ideas influence attitudes and behaviours religiously. This qualitative study analysed textual speeches employing a directed qualitative content method enhancing trustworthiness. Researchers transcribed IK’s video speeches (2008-2022) using Notta Premium. In the findings, IK cited Islam and Islamic history, knowing that his audience values a spiritual leader who speaks about religious teachings alongside political communication and understands the importance of religious spirituality. His communication may inspire local trust and optimism. However, religious implications in political communication may confound international audiences. Thus, IK utilised local spiritual/religious leadership elements to pursue Pakistanis’ devotedly influenced audience in his speeches.</p> Muhammad Zammad Aslam, Norhafezah Yusof, Mohd. Khairie Ahmad Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammad Zammad Aslam, Norhafezah Yusof, Mohd. Khairie Ahmad Sun, 10 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Role of Leader-Member Exchange, Knowledge Hiding, Prosocial Motivation, And Impression Management Motivation for The Creative Potential of Employees <p>The main purpose of the research was to investigate whether employees who develop a high-quality leader-member exchange (LMX), do they also engage in knowledge exchange activities or they hide knowledge, and do their knowledge hiding affects creativity. Data for this investigation were collected from 413 subordinates and their respective 57 supervisors working in a pharmaceutical organisation operating in Jakarta, Indonesia. The collected data was then analyzed for regression and mediated moderation with MPlus. We found that LMX may have a negative side, as those in quality exchange relationships with supervisors may hide knowledge from others, which may affect the creative potential of employees. With this research, we have shown that interpersonal mechanisms in general and LMX in particular will not always be beneficial for the exchange of knowledge and creativity of employees. We contributed to creativity research by introducing prosocial motivation and impression-management motivation as having a moderating role in knowledge hiding and creativity relationships. Our research revealed that the motivation of a focal employee overrides knowledge hiding, the underlying social exchange, knowledge hiding, and creativity relationships. The motivation of focal employees influences the social exchange patterns by affecting knowledge hiding among coworkers, thereby enhancing/ suppressing their creativity. Limitations and future research directions were also discussed.</p> Ade Manadin, Aan Komariah, Diding Nurdin, Eka Prihatin, Asep Priatna, Nuphanudin Nuphanudin Copyright (c) 2023 Ade Manadin, Aan Komariah, Diding Nurdin, Eka Prihatin, Asep Priatna, Nuphanudin Sun, 10 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Respect For Race and Culture In a Modern Feminist Society: An Analysis of Beauty Product Advertising Messages on Instagram <p>This research aims to analyze how beauty brands communicate their messages through Instagram advertisements and determine whether Indonesian beauty standards have changed. This research uses a qualitative approach because it is still uncommon for a qualitative approach that analyzes how and why messages are formulated in beauty advertising. This research also uses a semiology analysis method to explore the meaning of communication messages based on Roland Barthes's model, which includes denotation, connotation, and myth. The sample of advertisements is eight from the screening results of 82 populations and is classified as visual feminism, women's representation, gender equality, women's empowerment, and natural beauty. The result shows that three beauty brands use signs such as sentences and models that promote differences in beauty standards, and the beauty standards in Indonesia have changed over time. The implications of the results of this study recommend the need for quantitative research to examine consumer opinion and behavior.</p> Zinggara Hidayat, Amanda Lasha Budiman, Yudi Pratama, Shinta Mursiati Annisa, Desri F. N. Tambunan, Virienia Puspita Copyright (c) 2023 Zinggara Hidayat, Amanda Lasha Budiman, Yudi Pratama, Shinta Mursiati Annisa, Virienia Puspita Sun, 10 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 The Performance of Internal Quality Assurance of Community Learning Center during Covid-19 Outbreak <p>Whilst the Covid-19 outbreak has deleteriously influenced the functioning of most organizations, Internal Quality Assurance (IQA) of Community Learning Centres (CLC) has an essential role in achieving stakeholder satisfaction. CLC shall carry out quality assurance independently in terms of establishing, fulfilling, evaluating, and developing educational standards that can guarantee the function of implementing educational programs and managing the institutions to run effectively, efficiently, and sustainably. This study employed an explanatory sequential design conducted on CLCs in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Data was collected and analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively. The results show that during the Covid-19 epidemic, the IQA's performance is in the high category for all assessed indicators, namely input, output, outcome, and impact. However, IQA administrators should develop the performance of IQA management that is restricted to learning aspects, predominately involves external parties, and is constrained by facilities to improve their quality. As a result, the performance should be determined by the internal demands and capabilities of CLC, giving emphasis to work-based, all-encompassing, and long-lasting learning.</p> Entoh Tohani, Lutfi Wibawa, Iis Prasetyo Copyright (c) 2023 Entoh Tohani Sun, 10 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Political Campaign Ethics on Twitter Based on Local Ethnic in Indonesia <p>The purpose of the study is to examine opportunities in terms of the ethics of political campaigns based on the philosophy of local ethnic Bugis during the 2018 election of the Governor of South Sulawesi on Twitter. The study used a quantitative research design using a survey method. In the study, descriptive content analysis was applied to define the narrative of political campaign ethics based on Bugis's Philosophy on Twitter. The research subjects were Twitter users who discussed topics and issues surrounding the cultural and moral values of the Bugis philosophy. Data are extracted from the official accounts of the 2018 South Sulawesi Governor candidates for analysis using Nvivo 12 Plus. The findings of this study explained that the ethics of political campaigns based on Bugis philosophy are not only confined to discussion in public spheres but have also been under discussion in digital spaces such as Twitter.</p> Syukri Syukri, Dadang Hidayat, Atwar Bajari, Hafied Cangara Copyright (c) 2023 Syukri Syukri, Dadang Hidayat, Atwar Bajari, Hafied Cangara Sun, 10 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000 Cybercrime and Harassment: The Impact of Blackmailing on Jordanian Society as a Case Study <p>This study aims to uncover the relationship between two cybercrimes, harassment and blackmailing, as well as their impact on Jordanian society. The study population included 90 prosecutors working in Jordanian courts. The researchers used the relational method in the second half of the academic year 2020. According to Jordanian prosecutors, the rate of cybercrime harassment is average, whereas that of blackmail is high. The findings also show a statistically significant relationship between harassment and blackmail crimes among the sample members, which is a statistically significant rate. The study also showed that the spread of harassment had six consequences: threatening and defaming the victim, family breakup, social decay, loss of values, instilling skcepticism and loss of self-confidence, and security instability. The authors recommend increasing citizens' awareness of the concept of electronic governance to combat cybercrime. They also recommend that governments conclude agreements and treaties that criminalize all types of crimes, pinpoint their locations when they are committed, and explain how cybercriminals should be delivered.</p> Hanene Lahiani, Prof. Mohammad Salman Al-Khaza’leh Copyright (c) 2023 Hanene Lahiani, Prof. Mohammad Salman Al-Khaza’leh Wed, 20 Sep 2023 00:00:00 +0000